Neutron Bomb No
|So-Ky||B1 (cca. 70 x 100 cm)|
|1978||Fine, fold marks.|
Propaganda poster by the famous artist couple So-Ky. In Hungary (as well as in the other countries of the Eastern BBloc) the United States was declared the major threat and enemy in the Cold War era. The neutron bomb is associated with the US thus the poster has multiple meanings in a single typographic image. It is propaganda against war and for peace, against nuclear weapons, and against the US, what was the manifestation of evil in the eyes of the Soviet propaganda.
A neutron bomb, officially defined as a type of enhanced radiation weapon (ERW), is a low yield thermonuclear weapon designed to maximize lethal neutron radiation in the immediate vicinity of the blast while minimizing the physical power of the blast itself. The neutron release generated by a nuclear fusion reaction is intentionally allowed to escape the weapon, rather than being absorbed by its other components. The neutron burst, which is used as the primary destructive action of the warhead, is able to penetrate enemy armor more effectively than a conventional warhead, thus making it more lethal as a tactical weapon.
The concept was originally developed by the US in the late 1950s and early 1960s. It was seen as a "cleaner" bomb for use against massed Soviet armored divisions. As these would be used over allied nations, notably West Germany, the reduced blast damage was seen as an important advantage. Development for the Lance missile was underway in the early 1960s, but abandoned in favor of a conventional design. ERWs were first operationally deployed for anti-ballistic missiles (ABM). In this role the burst of neutrons would cause nearby warheads to undergo partial fission, preventing them from exploding properly. For this to work, the ABM would have to explode within a few hundred feet of its target.
The weapon was once again proposed for tactical use by the US in the 1970s and 1980s, and production of the W70 began for the Lance in 1981. This time it experienced a firestorm of protest as the growing anti-nuclear movement gained strength through this period. Opposition was so intense that European leaders refused to accept it on their territory. President Reagan bowed to pressure and the built examples of the W70-3 remained stockpiled in the US until they were retired in 1992. The last W70 was dismantled in 2011. (source: wikipedia.org)